Learning to draw is about observing. You have to look at the world around you. The people, the plants, the buildings, roads, rivers, trees… You have, no doubt, begun developing as an artist by focusing on one subject at a time. And, that’s one of the best ways to master techniques. Drawing landscapes is a good way to begin incorporating multiple techniques and drawing multiple subjects. Regardless of whether you live in an urban setting or the countryside, you will find these tips useful as you practice drawing landscapes. For this, you will just need whatever type of pencils you are most comfortable with, an eraser and a sketchpad.
First of all, you will want to establish your horizon line. How much of the sky can you see from where you are drawing? If you see very little sky, place your horizon line higher on the page. If you see a lot of sky, place it midway or lower on the page. This will enable you to accurately depict the division of space in the scene and landscape you are drawing. As you continue learning to draw, feel free to explore altering the placement of the horizon line to allow you to develop more detail of either the land or the sky as you see fit.
If you’ve established your horizon on the page, next you should really study the perspective that your drawing will incorporate. If you have not learned to draw perspective, you may want to take some time looking at drawings of landscapes to familiarize yourself with this concept. To put it briefly, perspective is the principle that objects seem smaller and closer together in the distance as lines converge. To correctly depict perspective in your landscapes, you will need to adjust what you’re drawing as it gets further from you.
Just as objects seem to grow smaller in the distance, their tone and value grows lighter as well. Obviously, this will vary depending on weather and the quality of the air. This is where the observation skills you are acquiring will serve you well. This technique may seem more demanding than some of the others but it is very important. A good landscape drawing will incorporate this characteristic and, as you continue learning to draw, you will naturally begin including it with little thought.
Finally, keep the most detail and the most contrast in the foreground. This is the area that a viewer in your place would be seeing most clearly and your landscape should reflect that. In landscape drawing, you want to make the scene lifelike for the viewer, not static and flat. While you are incorporating tone, depth, perspective and attention to the horizon line, you are creating a way for the eventual people viewing your artwork to enter the world you saw. And, your particular way of viewing it is priceless. The more you practice and the more skilled you become as you are learning to draw, the more you will be able to bring your world to life on the page. If you would like to learn more about drawing landscapes, a site such as drawing lessons can help you take your art even further.